Definition of basic industries in human geography

basic industries in human geography
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In human geography, basic industries refer to the industries that produce goods and services that are sold outside of the community in which they are produced. These industries are essential for the economic growth of a region or country. They create jobs, generate income, and attract investment from other regions. Basic industries are often contrasted with non-basic industries, which produce goods and services that are consumed locally.

There are several types of basic industries, including primary, secondary, and tertiary industries. Primary industries involve the extraction of natural resources, such as agriculture, mining, and forestry. These industries are often located in rural areas, where the natural resources are plentiful. They are also heavily dependent on the environment and weather conditions.

Secondary industries involve the processing and manufacturing of raw materials into finished products. These industries include manufacturing, construction, and transportation. They are often located in urban areas, where the infrastructure and labor force are readily available. These industries are more capital-intensive than primary industries and require a higher level of technical expertise.

Tertiary industries involve the provision of services, such as retail, finance, and healthcare. These industries are often located in urban areas, where the population density is high. They are less dependent on natural resources and more dependent on human capital and technology. Tertiary industries are often characterized by high levels of innovation and specialization.

Basic industries are important because they create a multiplier effect in the economy. When a basic industry is established in a region, it creates jobs and generates income. This, in turn, creates demand for goods and services in the local economy. This demand, in turn, creates more jobs and generates more income. This multiplier effect can have a significant impact on the economic growth of a region.

Basic industries are also important for attracting investment from other regions. When a region has a strong basic industry, it is more likely to attract investment from other regions. This investment can take the form of new businesses, new infrastructure, and new technologies. This investment can further stimulate the local economy and create more jobs and income.

However, basic industries can also have negative impacts on the environment and society. Primary industries, in particular, can have significant environmental impacts, such as deforestation, pollution, and soil degradation. Secondary industries can also have negative impacts, such as air pollution and waste disposal. Tertiary industries can have negative impacts on society, such as income inequality and social exclusion.

In conclusion, basic industries are essential for the economic growth of a region or country. They create jobs, generate income, and attract investment from other regions. However, they can also have negative impacts on the environment and society. It is important to balance the economic benefits of basic industries with their environmental and social impacts. This requires careful planning and management to ensure that basic industries contribute to sustainable economic growth.

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